“We in Europe, geographically so close, and with our societies so deeply involved with those in the countries experiencing these upheavals, we were also acutely aware that the changes, and the risks and opportunities that lay ahead, would directly affect us as neighbours,” President Herman Van Rompuy of the European Council told the General Assembly.“Of course expectations ran high. It was tempting to read the events in Tunis or Cairo as the opening pages of a fairytale,” he said on the second day of the 67th Assembly’s General Debate, alluding to violence that has shaken some of the countries of the Arab Spring, as well as the ferocious fighting that is continuing in Syria.“But this is the book of history. It contains dark pages too, some of them tragically being written at this very moment,” he added, appealing for patience on the long path of transition that lies ahead. “We are bound by a simple truth: achieving lasting change takes time,” he added, appealing for patience on the long path of transition that lies ahead.While hailing the free and fair elections in Tunisia, Libya and Egypt, President Van Rompuy noted the problems confronting the Arab Spring countries in overcoming corruption, red tape and economic privilege, and in assuring inclusiveness for all their citizens, noting that societies are stronger when women can fully participate.He underscored the importance of tolerance and freedom of speech. Violence and killings, such as that of United States Ambassador to Libya, Christopher Stevens, can never be justified regardless of their motivations, he said. Along with others, Ambassador Stevens died in violence that erupted in the eastern Libyan city of Benghazi, reportedly in reaction to an anti-Islam video made in the US. Other countries across North Africa and the Middle East experiences similar violent reactions.President Van Rompuy also decried the continuing violence on Syria, where over 18,000 people have been killed and hundreds of thousands of others driven from their home since an uprising against President Bashar Al-Assad erupted 18 months ago.“The country needs to advance towards a Syrian-led political transition,” he said. “Those responsible for the repression have no place in the future of Syria and must step aside.”Prime Minister David Cameron of the United Kingdom.In his statement to the General Debate, the United Kingdom’s Prime Minister David Cameron also called for patience. “Some believe that the Arab Spring is in danger of becoming an Arab Winter,” he told the Assembly, citing the riots, Syria’s descent into civil war, frustration at the lack of economic progress and the emergence of newly elected Islamist-led governments.“But they are in danger of drawing the wrong conclusion. Today is not the time to turn back, but to keep the faith and redouble our support for open societies and for people’s demands for a job and a voice,” he added. “We in the United Nations must step up our efforts to support the people of these countries as they build their own democratic future.”The UK leader noted the “huge and sobering” challenges ahead, noting the “despicable” murder of Mr. Stevens and the danger of violent extremists exploiting the political transition.“Islam is a great religion observed peacefully and devoutly by over a billion people. Islamist extremism is a warped political ideology supported by a minority that seeks to hijack a great religion to gain respectability for its violent objectives,” he said, and, citing Turkey as an example, added that, “democracy and Islam can flourish alongside each other.”Prime Minister Cameron denounced the horrific atrocities that he said President Assad had inflicted on his own people, including children. “The blood of these young children is a terrible stain on the reputation of this United Nations,” he said.President Bronislaw Komorowski of Poland.Addressing the General Debate, President Bronislaw Komorowski of Poland noted that the hopes raised by the Arab Spring have only been partially justified. “The civil war in Syria and the toll of lives in its aftermath, as well as the inability to contain it on the part of the UN and the Arab League cast a shadow all across the region,” he told the Assembly.“We expect that an end shall be soon put to the bloodshed in Syria and that the conflict shall be settled based on UN principles and using the instruments available to out Organization,” he noted. “May the new UN envoy for this conflict (Lakhdar Brahimi) never lack determination in the fulfilment of his mission.”Prime Minister Mario Monti of Italy.In his remarks to the General Debate, Italian Prime Minister Mario Monti noted that there was an element of self-interest in the support his country and the European Union are lending to the new governments of the Arab Spring. “Instability around the Mediterranean impacts our own society,” he told the General Assembly.“Conflicts and social unrest on the southern shore spill over to our own shores. Terrorism finds a new avenue to reach Europe. Trafficking in human beings has destabilizing effects on the countries of destination and often results in tragedies at sea that we can no longer accept,” he added, stressing Italy’s full support for Mr. Brahimi’s mission.Foreign Minister Titus Corlatean of Romania.Romania’s Foreign Minister, Titus Corlatean, in his speech to the Assembly, said his country would support the democracy in the Arab Spring countries. “I firmly state our commitment to support the efforts of the international community to consolidate stability and security, tolerance and religious understanding,” he told the gathering.He deplored the violence in Syria and called for a more structured reaction by the UN based on a consensual; approach by the Security Council. “Obviously we cannot and should not allow violence to prevail when people in Syria rely on our capacity to offer stability and predictability and when the regional stability and security are at stake,” he said.The European leaders are among the scores of heads of State and government and other high-level officials who are presenting their views and comments on issues of individual national and international relevance at the Assembly’s General Debate, which ends on 1 October.